View of the desert garden, the area of the botanical garden dedicated to succulent plants
Ginkgo biloba is an ancient tree, the last living representative of a group that dates back over 290 million years; for this reason, it is considered a living fossil
Spring flowering of magnolias. In the background, the Plant Biology Building
A glimpse of the outdoor collection of tree ferns
The red-flowering gum, Corymbia ficifolia, native to southwestern Australia, blooms at the botanical garden in the second half of June
The monumental greenhouse houses the plants that cannot withstand excessively cold nights during winter
Among the collections of the botanical garden there are not only living plants but also a herbarium that contains approximately 175,000 specimens of dried plants

3b. Paleobotany section

Museum of Paleobotany and Ethnobotany

The Paleobotany section of the museum describes the evolution of land plants through the use of fossil specimens, models made of clay or resin, images, and explanatory texts. A three-dimensional phylogenetic tree provides a visual representation of a possible model for the evolution of groups of land plants.

Diorama DevonianoDiorama of the Devonian period (approx. 416-359 million years ago).

Some display cases illustrate the modes of fossil formation and the techniques used by paleobotanists to reconstruct the appearance of plants that lived millions of years ago. Three dioramas reconstruct a Devonian environment (illustrating the appearance of plants that lived on Earth about 400 million years ago), a Triassic-Jurassic paleo-environment (depicting some gymnosperms such as conifers, bennettitaleans, and cycads), and a Cretaceous paleo-environment (depicting various Cheirolepidiaceae, a group of gymnosperms of the lower Cretaceous of Campania, and a reproduction of the dinosaur Scipionyx samniticus).

Diorama Triassico GiurassicoDiorama of the Giurassic period (approx. 199-145 million years ago).

The main plant groups are presented in the display cases, both with the help of fossil specimens (with detailed information on the species, place of origin, sediment age, and, in case of donations, the name of the donor) and through reconstructions and drawings. The main characteristics of the plant groups are illustrated with images and texts, while the evolutionary steps that led to the formation of particular plant structures such as the vascular cylinder, leaves, and seeds are represented through reproductions made of clay.

Diorama CretacicoDiorama of the Cretaceous period (approx. 145-65,5 million years ago).

Finally, the section also presents "useful fossils", such as amber, coal, and diatomaceous earth. In some cases, fossil specimens are compared with current plants cultivated in the Botanical Garden.

Read more (italian source)