The Botanical Garden of Naples is a living museum. It protects biodiversity through the introduction, care, and conservation of plant species. Its activities are carried out through the preservation, cataloging, and expansion of its living plant heritage and herbarium, as well as through scientific research, botanical education, conservation of rare or endangered species, cultural events, and public access.
Plant care is entrusted to an expert technical staff who manages the entire Garden. The living collections are constantly expanded thanks to expeditions in the field and exchanges with other botanical gardens. The specimens are cataloged and labeled. The Garden also keeps track of all maintenance interventions on its tree heritage.
The research activity carried out in the Botanical Garden mainly concerns the study of biodiversity of various groups of plants, investigation into the distribution of plants in the territory, particularly in Campania, surveys on the traditional use of plants by rural communities in central-southern Italy, and the analysis of plant fossils from Campanian geosites. Numerous of these studies are supported by the dried plants collections kept in the Garden's Herbarium. The collections of the Botanical Garden also represent a reservoir of plant material used for research purposes by professors at the University of Naples Federico II and by research institutions from all over the world. The Garden also conducts its own investigations into the tree heritage in the city, on its conditions, distribution, and history, as Naples is rich in exotic species introduced in past centuries by illustrious botanists who have often patronized the Garden. From this, various functions of the institution emerge that can be translated into services for local public authorities.
The conservation and protection of rare, endemic, or endangered entities is an activity that has become increasingly important over time. The Garden houses collections of plant groups that are increasingly rare in their natural environments, such as Cycadales and tree ferns, or endemic entities of Campania, such as Eokochia saxicola and Primula palinuri. These native species are reproduced or multiplied in order to obtain a large number of specimens to be used for possible reintroduction into nature.
Education and dissemination
The educational activities carried out by the Botanical Garden are aimed not only at college students but also at students in middle and high schools, through the organization of guided tours conducted by specialized personnel and through annual courses aimed at teachers. In addition, the Garden is institutionally committed to the dissemination of topics related to plant biology and natural history issues, with special reference to plant diversity; this is expressed through its opening to the public and through numerous events and exhibitions.
Artistic and cultural events
The Botanical Garden organizes or hosts many events, whose common goal is to raise public awareness of the natural world and the culture of sustainability, with an inclusive approach. The Garden is open to the public all year round, as long as visits do not hinder the care activities onits plant heritage.